Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs)
MSME is an important Sector for the Indian economy and have hugely contributed towards the country’s Socio-Economic Development. It not only generates employment opportunities but also develops the nation’s backward and rural areas.
The Government of India have introduced Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME) in agreement with Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises Development (MSMED) Act of 2006. These enterprises generally engaged in production, manufacturing, processing or conservation of goods and commodities.
In India, MSMEs contributes 30% to the country’s GDP and export from it is 48%. Union Minister of MSME, Nitin Gadkari mentioned MSME as ‘Backbone of Indian Economy‘.
India’s MSME Sector Comprises of 633.88 Lakh units as per National Sample Survey 73rd Round (2015 – 16).
Moreover, MSME Sector has created about 11.10 Crore Jobs in the country as per National Sample Survey 73rd Round (2015 – 16).
What is MSMEs?
MSMEs are defined under the Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises Development Act, 2006. The Act classifies MSMEs as Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises based on:
- Investment in Plant and Machinery engaged in manufacturing or production of goods.
- Investment in Equipment for Providing Services.
Manufacturing and Service Rendering Enterprises under MSME:
|Investment in Plant and machinery or Equipment||Less than Rs. 1 Crore||More than Rs. 1 Crore
Less than Rs. 10 Crore
|More than Rs. 10 Crore
Less than Rs. 50 Crore
|Annual turnover||Less than Rs. 5 Crore||More than Rs. 5 Crore
Less than Rs. 50 Crore
|More than Rs. 50 Crore|
What are the features of MSMEs?
Let’s discuss few of the important features of MSMEs:
- Works for the welfare of Skilled and Unskilled Workers, by giving Employment and providing loans and other services.
- Provides funding Support / Credit limit to Banks.
- Promote the Development of Industries as well as Up gradation of Skills.
- Promote and Support the Up gradation of following:
What is the role of MSMEs in Indian Economy?
MSMEs have played an essential role in uplifting our Indian Economy. Let’s discuss some of such essential roles played by MSMEs as under:
- MSMEs Manufacture and Produce a variety of products for both Domestic as well as International Markets.
- MSMEs have developed appropriate local Technology and provided tough Competition in Domestic and International Markets.
- It has also generated New Entrepreneurs by Providing Knowledge, Training and Skill Up gradation through Specialized Training Centers.
- MSMEs have played an essential role in-
- Providing Employment Opportunities in Rural Areas.
- Contributing towards Socio-Economic Development.
- Country’s development in different areas, such as-
What is the importance of MSMEs in Indian Economy?
MSMEs are known to generate the Highest Rate of Growth in the Economy. It is accepted as a means of Economic Growth and for promoting Equitable Development.
Let’s discuss importance of MSMEs in Indian Economy as under:
- MSMEs Employed around 12 Crore persons and is the Second largest Employment Generating Sector after Agriculture.
- It contributes about 63% of the GDP from Service Activities and 6.11% of GDP from manufacturing.
- Union minister of MSMEs Nitin Gadkari, targets to increase its contribution towards GDP up to 50% by 2025.
- It contributes around 45% of overall Indian Exports.
What are the challenges faced by MSMEs?
We have already discussed about the importance of MSMEs in Indian Economy. Though MSMEs have played essential role in uplifting our Indian Economy, but there are various challenges that MSMEs are facing.
Let’s discuss some of challenges faced by MSMEs:
- Absence of Adequate and Timely Banking Funds.
- Limited Knowledge and Capital.
- Technologies used are not either Suitable or Available.
- Capacity of production according to the resources is quite low.
- Marketing strategies are poor.
Amid of pandemic COVID – 19, Modi government has introduced ‘Aatma Nirbhar Bharat Abhiyan’. For the growth of MSME Sector Government has taken few decisions under the AATMA – NIRBHAR BHARAT ABHIYAN.
Few highlights of this scheme is as follows:
- A provision of Collateral Free Loans to MSMEs.
- Arrangement of loans to MSMEs worth of 3 lakh Crore.
- An offer for MSMEs to get stay period of 12 months.
- MSMEs were granted a repayment Tenure of 48 months.
- MSMEs were assured a 100% Credit Guarantee.
What are the details required for registration in MSMEs?
- Aadhaar Number
- PAN and GSTIN
- Address of the business
- Bank Account details
- The primary Business Activity
- Status of Enterprise
- NIC 2 digit code (National Industrial Classification)
- DIC (District Industries Centre)
- Investment details (Plant/equipment details).
- Turnover details (as per new MSME guidelines).
- Number of person employed
For reference, the form is attached as under-